|Mixed Mode Execution and Register Allocation firstname.lastname@example.org (1998-05-15)|
|Re: Mixed Mode Execution and Register Allocation email@example.com (1998-05-23)|
|Re: Mixed Mode Execution and Register Allocation cliff.click@Eng.Sun.COM (Clifford Click) (1998-05-23)|
|Re: Mixed Mode Execution and Register Allocation firstname.lastname@example.org (John Pieper) (1998-05-30)|
|Re: Mixed Mode Execution and Register Allocation cliff.click@Eng.Sun.COM (Clifford Click) (1998-05-30)|
|From:||Clifford Click <cliff.click@Eng.Sun.COM>|
|Date:||30 May 1998 11:45:56 -0400|
email@example.com (Hugh Leather) writes:
>> I am looking for references to papers and views, about mixed
>> mode execution. I am a computer science student and my final year
>> project is to write a Java virtual machine.
Andreas Krall wrote:
> My own research and other work too (Fast, Effective Code Generation in a
> Just-In-Time Java Compiler, Adl-Tabatabai et al., PLDI'98) shows that
> expensive register allocation algorithms in Java JIT's don't pay back
> the higher compile cost at run time in most applications. One reason
> is that the Java front end (javac) already does register allocation and
> maps more local variables to the same location. In a JIT register
> additional graph coloring register allocation may be beneficial only if
> you do inlining of methods. In this case javac's mapping of locals is not
> In the CACAO JIT compiler 493 local variables out of 5963 cannot be assigned
> to registers (on an Alpha processors which has 7 callee saved registers).
> Articles about the CACAO JIT can be found on my home page.
Just a counter-point. Hotspot makes heavy use of inlining. The register
allocator _is_ the slowest part of the optimizer - but its very fast for
a graph coloring allocator. Payback on the allocator is quite reliable
(i.e., it nearly always improves nearly all codes by a reasonable amount
over a fast-but-stupid allocator.) Loop optimizations, on the other hand,
tend to be hit-or-miss affairs; the right kind of loop gets a big speedup,
or you get no speedup at all.
So: different technologies (inlining or not), different results.
Cliff Click Compiler Designer and Researcher
cliffc at acm.org JavaSoft
(408) 863-3266 MS UCUP02-302
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