|Re: "Pascal" vs C style strings firstname.lastname@example.org (Dinko Tenev) (1994-06-28)|
|From:||Dinko Tenev <email@example.com>|
|Date:||Tue, 28 Jun 1994 17:36:07 GMT|
One might suggest that the label "Pascal-style" should be taken with a
grain of salt: I've only seen strings w/ length prepended in Turbo Pascal.
This kind of character strings implementation, although very popular, is
far from a Pascal standard; in fact, strings in Pascal are supposed to be
of a fixed size, stored in variables of type "array[...] of char", so
they're hardly worth to be considered against C style strings.
Anyway, to the point: the major advantage of null-terminated strings is
their simplicity and elegance - elegance, by the way, is THE thing about C
which makes it so popular; writability comes extra - so, I could hardly
believe that K&R would prefer the "Pascal-style" implementation, even if
they'd started on an 8086 machine; if their considerations on the issue
were purely pragmatic, they might as well have come up with something like
PL/I or Ada :->
As for this implementation's drawbacks:
[ You can't have the null character in the string's contents ]
You'd hardly ever need it there. Having binary data
stored in text strings is somewhat imprudent.
[ Length(s) takes O(n) ]
There's nothing in the world that would prevent you
from keeping the string's length, and maybe passing it
when needed. If something ever would, C wouldn't.
One has to keep in mind that C style strings were meant to be applicable
in general text processing, which they are. And then, they're somewhere
in the middle between minimality and comfort - minimality is boring, and
who needs comfort, so ASCIIZ strings are just about right! :->
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