mixed compilation -> partial evaluation

dalamb@qucis.queensu.ca (David Lamb)
Sat, 1 Feb 1992 13:40:15 GMT

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Mixed compilation dalamb@qucis.queensu.ca (1992-01-31)
mixed compilation -> partial evaluation dalamb@qucis.queensu.ca (1992-02-01)
partial evaluation debray@cs.arizona.edu (Saumya K. Debray) (1992-02-04)
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Newsgroups: comp.compilers
From: dalamb@qucis.queensu.ca (David Lamb)
Keywords: optimize, summary, bibliography
Organization: Computing & Information Science, Queen's University at Kingston
References: 92-01-131
Date: Sat, 1 Feb 1992 13:40:15 GMT

In article 92-01-131 I wrote:
>Does anyone have any references for A.P.Ershov's work in the late 60's or
>early 70's on "mixed compilation", or on any modern work ...

The general response is: the "mixed compilation" work to which I was
referring is now called "partial evaluation", and can be found in the
functional programming literature for the most part. Thanks also to
ressler@cs.cornell.edu (Gene Ressler), Ralph Johnson
<johnson@cs.uiuc.edu>, and jvitek@csr.UVic.CA (Jan Vitek).

Organization: School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 92 17:14:28 EST

These days its called "partial evaluation", and it's become a "hot"
research topic in the last two or three years. In fact there was recently
an entire conference devoted to it: the Symposium on Partial Evaluation
and Semantics-Based Program Manipulation (PEPM). The proceedings were
published by the ACM.

Mark Leone <mleone@cs.cmu.edu>
Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA

Date: Fri, 31 Jan 92 14:22:43 PST
Reply-To: nigelh@csr.UVic.CA (R. Nigel Horspool)

Nowadays, this is called ``partial evaluation''.

It's mostly used by the functional programming crowd and people (e.g.
Niel Jones' group in Denmark) have been building compilers based on it.
(The key to that trick is to ``partially evaluate'' an interpreter given
that you know what the interpreter's input is.)

Try looking through POPL and Springer-Verlag LNCS and you will come across
lots of mentions of partial evaluation. It is closely related to abstract
interpretation and denotational semantics by the way.

Date: Fri, 31 Jan 92 14:28:06 -0800
Reply-To: pattis@cs.washington.edu (Richard Pattis)
Organization: Computer Science & Engineering, U. of Washington, Seattle

You might check out "abstract interpretation" which I think includes the
kind of stuff you are looking for. There is a book edited by Abramsky and
Hankin: Abstract Interpretation of Declarative Programs. It includes
hundreds of bibliographic entries, but none for Ershov.

I have two books by Ershov; The first is A.P. Ershov: The British Lectures
published by Heyden. On page 52 he talks about mixed computation and the
example you mention, although that section is not long (it is lecture 4,
17 pages). His other book, Origins of Programming, published by
Springer_Verlag does not mention those terms.

Reply-To: Anurag Acharya <acha@DRAVIDO.SOAR.CS.CMU.EDU>
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 92 19:18:48 EST

This is currently called partial evaluation. There has been quite a bit of
work - two powerful systems are currently available -- Schism from Yale
(an almost complete Scheme partial evaluator) and a system from DIKU
copenhagen whose name escapes me at the moment. Some of the active
researchers are Neil Jones (DIKU copenhagen), charles consel (yale), Peter
Sestoft (DIKU). Peter Sestoft has an online bib for this, send him mail at
sestoft@diku.dk. or let me know (I have an old copy).

Date: Fri, 31 Jan 92 16:32:29 -0500
Reply-To: William Pippin <pippin@cis.ohio-state.edu>
Organization: The Ohio State University, Department of Computer and Information Science

Mixed programming is also sometimes referred to as partial evaluation, and
G.L. Burn has done recent work in this area. I've provided references to
some of his papers.

author = "G.L. Burn",
title = "Implementing the Evaluation Transformer Model of Reduction on
Parallel Machines",
journal = "Journal of Functional Programming",
volume = "2",
number = 1,
year = 1991,
note = "To appear. Also appears as Department of Computing Report Number
90/24, Imperial College, LONDON SW7 2BZ."

author = "G.L. Burn",
title = "The Evaluation Transformer Model of Reduction and Its Correctness",
booktitle = "Proceedings of {TAPSOFT}'91, Volume 2",
editor = "S. Abramsky and T.S.E. Maibaum",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag LNCS 494",
address = "Brighton, {UK}",
month = "8--12 April",
year = 1991,
pages = "458--482"

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H.P. Barendregt.
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H.P. Barendregt.
\newblock Lambda calculi with types.
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\newblock To appear.

R.~Bird and P.L. Wadler.
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M.J.C. Gordon.
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\newblock ISBN 0-13-730417-X.

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R.~Harper, R.~Milner, and M.~Tofte.
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P.~Hudak and P.~Wadler~(editors).
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\newblock In J.~van Leeuwen, editor, {\em Handbook of Theoretical Computer
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R.~Milner, M.~Tofte, and R.~Harper.
\newblock {\em The Definition of Standard ML}.
\newblock {MIT} {P}ress, Cambridge, {M}ass., 1990.

\newblock Hope+.
\newblock Technical Report IC/FPR/LANG/2.5.1/7, Functional Programming Section,
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S.L. {Peyton Jones}.
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\newblock {\em Elements of Functional Programming}.
\newblock International Computer Science Series. Addison-Wesley, 1989.

D.A. Schmidt.
\newblock {\em Denotational Semantics}.
\newblock Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 7 Wells Avenue, Newton, Massachusetts, 1986.

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D.A. Turner.
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D.A. Turner.
\newblock An overview of {M}iranda.
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\newblock {\em Functional Programming Using Standard {ML}}.
\newblock Prentice-Hall International Series in Computer Science, Hemel
    Hempstead, UK, 1987.

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