|C++ Grammar - Update firstname.lastname@example.org (Mike Dimmick) (2001-04-26)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update email@example.com (Martin von Loewis) (2001-04-30)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update firstname.lastname@example.org (Ira D. Baxter) (2001-05-03)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update email@example.com (Mike Dimmick) (2001-05-03)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update firstname.lastname@example.org (Patrice Gahide) (2001-05-03)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update email@example.com (Michael Spencer) (2001-05-07)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update firstname.lastname@example.org (Michael Spencer) (2001-05-13)|
|Re: C++ Grammar - Update email@example.com (Martin von Loewis) (2001-05-13)|
|From:||Martin von Loewis <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Date:||30 Apr 2001 22:21:02 -0400|
|Organization:||Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Computer Science|
|Posted-Date:||30 Apr 2001 22:21:02 EDT|
"Mike Dimmick" <email@example.com> writes:
> The major reported problem with the C++ syntax is that it requires
> semantic information to parse correctly. This isn't strictly true,
> one can follow the technique of Ed Willink
Please note that the goal of that parser is restricted to parsing
declarations only (see 4.4, Ambiguity resolution).
It seems that the parser accepts a *very* large superset of C++,
e.g. the provided Solaris binary accepts
without complaints. So I still doubt that you can do meaningful C++
parsing w/o semantic analysis in the lexer.
> One must know whether a construct names a type in order to correctly
> parse in some circumstances.
Indeed, this is the major reason why people claim that you need
semantic information in the lexer.
> Qualified names are another circumstance which require unlimited
> semantic lookahead. This is due to template names with attached
> argument lists being permitted in a qualified name.
There are actually ambiguities in this area, consider
Is this ::C, returning A::B, or is it ::B::C, returning A? This is
currently an ambiguity in C++, which is not resolved in the '98
edition of the standard.
> It is necessary to resolve the exact instantiation of the template
> to determine whether the contents of the template themselves name a
> class (in which case a following "::" should continue the qualified
You mean, to see whether
is a typename or not? In C++, it is never a typename; to make it a
typename, you have to write
> I believe I have previously posted on at least one of these two
> newsgroups regarding the rule in the standard which requires this
> behaviour; it can be summarised as "the members of one instantiation
> of a template need bear no relation to any other instantiation of a
> template." This leaves us in the ridiculous situation of requiring
> full template instantiation and expression evaluation in order to
> produce an AST.
That is surely not the case. Whether something is a typename or not
can be determined without instantiation.
> C++ name resolution is complicated by the fact that the global
> namespace has no name; it is referred to by prefixing a name
> (qualified or not) with the scope resolution operator "::". This
> causes more ambiguities resolvable by left-factoring the grammar.
So out of curiosity: What does your parser with my friend example
> The "declaration specifiers" rule (decl-specifiers) has been modified
> to accommodate only one user-defined type or a sequence of built in
> types. This is slightly complicated by the fact that modifiers may be
> interspersed between the built-in types (e.g. "unsigned const long
> static int") but this removes the problem of whether a name in a
> declaration is the type or the declarator. This decision was taken
> because the C++ standard has now disallowed implicit 'int' - and
> therefore all declarations must be "type-name declarator-list;".
I think this is also an error in the FOG thesis: The only case where
the decl-specifier-seq can be ommitted is the constructor/destructor;
so I can't see why "i=0;" is ambiguous.
> I conclude that C++ requires some very strong parsing methods if one
> is to be successful.
In any case, a very interesting posting. I hope you can post your
grammar, together with this elaboration, somewhere in the 'net.
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