|[13 earlier articles]|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth email@example.com (2000-11-16)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth firstname.lastname@example.org (Jerry Leichter) (2000-11-17)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth email@example.com.OZ.AU (2000-11-19)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth firstname.lastname@example.org (2000-11-19)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth email@example.com (Jerry Leichter) (2000-11-21)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth firstname.lastname@example.org (2000-11-22)|
|Re: New Book: The School of Niklaus Wirth email@example.com (2000-11-30)|
|From:||firstname.lastname@example.org (Norman Ramsey)|
|Date:||30 Nov 2000 12:09:50 -0500|
|References:||00-11-046 00-11-082 00-11-120 00-11-122|
|Keywords:||modula, Pascal, types|
|Posted-Date:||30 Nov 2000 12:09:50 EST|
Jerry Leichter <email@example.com> wrote:
>On the other hand, Modula-3 does not have an unsigned type - and I think
>with good reason.
>There are two reasons for wanting an unsigned type:
> (1) ...
> (2) To implement "modulo arithmetic". Unsigned ints typically
> (and, by standard in C/C++) the mathematical properties
> of arithmetic mod 2^k. There are times when this is
>...you have to ask
>the question: Do we really need a *type* for this - or do we just want
>the operations? The latter is the approach Modula-3 took:
This choice bit me badly, multiple times. The problem was that
although I could write Word.T and Word.Plus all I wanted, I repeatedly
made the mistake of ``accidentally'' applying signed-integer
operations to 32-bit addresses represented as Word.T. I would have
been *very* grateful for a type system that distinguished the two
types, so as to catch these mistakes at compile time. Especially as a
lot of the 32-bit addresses got used in unsafe code :-)
N.B. I am *not* arguing for overloading +. I am happy to write
Word.Plus. What I really want is a type that won't allow me to use
signed operations by mistake.
>The *big* advantage to this approach is that it eliminates all kinds
>of issues about how signed and unsigned integers should work when they
>"meet across an operator".
Yes, this is quite useful---but it would have been even better if the
M3 designers had distinguished the two *types*, and not only the
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